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Zvezda 1/35 Russian Main Battle Tank T-80BV # 3592 - Plastic Model Kit
Zvezda 1/35 Russian Main Battle Tank T-80BV # 3592 - Plastic Model Kit
ZVEZDA

Zvezda 1/35 Russian Main Battle Tank T-80BV # 3592 - Plastic Model Kit

Regular price £19.95 £0.00

Zvezda 1/35 Russian Main Battle Tank T-80BV # 3592 - Plastic Model Kit

The T-80 tank was made to be a main battle tank (MTB).

At first, it was called Obiekt 219 sp.2 and sported a new suspension meant to improve on the T-64. The prototype was finished in 1971, but it was almost a failure, because the then Minister of Defense, Marshal Andrei Grechko, suggested that Obiekt 219 didn't offer enough firepower or armor advances from the then-current T-64A tank, while consuming twice as much fuel. When Grechko died, Dimitriy Ustinov became the new prime minister. Since he was one of the main proponents of the T-80, it's logical that the tank soon was accepted by the Soviet military.

In August 6, 1976, Obiekt 219 entered production under the army designation of T-80. Plans called for T-80 production to begin at the Leningrad Kirov Plant (LKZ), replacing the T-64A, along with plans to convert Factory No. 13 at Omsk from the T-55 to the T-72, but instead Omsk was assigned to handle the T-80 program. In its original configuration, the long-delayed T-80 was essentially identical to the older T-64A in firepower, as it used exactly the same type of turret but with an optical rangefinder. But it was the first tank to use a gas turbine engine, which gave it greater speed.

The T-80 BV was the definitive version of the 1st generation T-80, and was codenamed Obiekt 219RV. It consisted of the basic T-80B retrofitted with the new contact explosive reactive armor (ERA) developed by OJSC NII Stali. This armor consists of hollow metal boxes with two steel plates, and lined with plastic explosive. When hit by the jet from an exploding shaped charge warhead, the plastic explosive detonates, throwing the top plate into the warhead stream and bouncing the bottom plate off the tank's armor to rebound back into the shaped charge's molten stream.


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